FUNDAMENTALS OF NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

Fisica FUNDAMENTALS OF NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

0512600012
DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA "E.R. CAIANIELLO"
EQF6
PHYSICS
2017/2018

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 3
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2010
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
648LESSONS
Objectives
THE GOAL OF THE COURSE IS TO PRESENT TO THE STUDENTS SOME BASIC CONCEPTS OF NUCLEAR AND SUB-NUCLEAR PHYSICS.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
THE COURSE INTENDS TO FURNISH, IN A CONCISE AND PROPER WAY FOR THE APPLICATIONS, THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE BASIC NOTIONS AND APPLICATIONS OF THE NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND OF THE PHYSICS OF THE ELEMENTARY PARTICLES.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
THE COURSE INTENDS TO MAKE THE STUDENT ABLE TO ASSIMILATE THE ACQUISITION OF A WELL GROUNDED THEORETICAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE ARGUMENTS EXPOSED AND OF THE METHODS FOR SOLVING SIMPLE EXERCISES. IN PARTICULAR, THE STUDENT MUST KNOW HOW TO DEVELOP EXERCISES CONCERNING ELEMENTARY PROBLEMS OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND ELEMENTARY PARTICLES.
Prerequisites
THE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FOLLOWINGS ARGUMENTS IS REQUIRED:
(1) FUNDAMENTAL AND ADVANCED DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY;
(2) CLASSICAL MECHANICS (ELEMENTARY AND ANALYTICAL) AND CLASSICAL ELECTRODYNAMICS;
(3) FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF ATOMIC PHYSICS;
(4) FUNDAMENTAL PRINCIPLES OF SPECIAL RELATIVITY AND THE OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
Contents
INTRODUCTION: MEASUREMENT UNITS. THE ATOMIC NUCLEUS. GEIGER AND MARSDEN EXPERIMENT, THE DISCOVERY OF THE ATOMIC NUCLEUS. DISCOVERY OF THE NEUTRON. GENERAL PROPERTIES OF THE NUCLEUS: RADIUS, DENSITY, MAGIC NUMBERS, SEGRE PLOT. MEASUREMENT OF NUCLEAR MASSES. BINDING ENERGY, SEMI-EMPIRICAL FORMULA OF THE MASSES. AND ITS USE. ELECTROMAGNETIC MOMENTS OF NUCLEAI. INTERACTION OF RADIATION WITH MATTER, IONIZAZTION AND RADIATION, ELECTROMAGNETIC SHOWERS (OUTLINE). PARTICLE DETECTORS. INTRODUCTION TO RADIOACTIVITY, THE LAWS OF RADIOACTIVE DECAY. THE ALPHA DECAY. THE BETA DECAY. KURIE PLOT, NEUTRINO HYPOTHESIS. ISOSPIN OF THE NUCLEONS. FERMI AND GAMOW-TELLER SELECTION RULES. THE GAMMA DECAY. NUCLEAR MODELS: FERMI GAS MODEL, LIQUID DROP MODEL, SHELL MODEL. INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR REACTIONS. KINEMATICS OF NUCLEAR REACTIONS: THRESHOLD ENERGY, Q OF A REACTION.
THE DISCOVERY OF THE POSITRON, THE DISCOVERY OF PI AND MU MESONS. MEASUREMENT OF FUNDAMENTAL QUANTUM NUMBERS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES. ANTIBARYONS, STRANGE PARTICLES AND RESONANCES. ISOSPIN AND HYPERCHARGE. QUARK MODEL. UNIVERSALITY OF WEAK INTERACTIONS. AVERAGE LIFETIME OF THE MUON. THE NEUTRINO EXPERIMENT OF REINES AND COWAN. NON-CONSERVATION OF PARITY AND EXPERIMENT OF WU. MEASURE OF THE NEUTRINO ELICITY, EXPERIMENT OF GOLDHABER. WEAK INTERACTIONS AND STRANGENESS. CLASSIFICATION OF FAMILIES OF PARTICLES AND FUNDAMENTAL INTERACTIONS.
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE IS BASED ON THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL LESSONS FINALIZED TO THE LEARNING OF THE FUNDAMENTAL CONCEPTS OF THE NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND THE PHYSICS OF THE PARTICLES. EACH LECTURE CONSISTS IN THE EXPOSITION OF ONE OR MORE ARGUMENTS FOLLOWED BY EXAMPLES, EXERCISES AND APPLICATIONS.
Verification of learning
THE FINAL ORAL EXAMINATION, FIXED ACCORDING TO THE CALENDAR ESTABLISHED BY THE BOARD OF DIDACTIC AREA, IS COMPOSED BY THE EXPOSITION OF ONE OR MORE THAN ONE OF THE ARGUMENTS DEVELOPED DURING THE COURSE AND ON THE SOLUTION OF SIMPLE PROBLEMS. AIM OF THE TEST IS THE EVALUATION OF THE LEARNING LEVEL OF THE STUDENT ON THE ARGUMENTS PRESENTES IN THE COURSE.
Texts
(1) I. KAPLAN, NUCLEAR PHYSICS, ADDISON-WESLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY (SELECTED PAGES)
(2) PROSPERI: APPUNTI DALLE LEZIONI.
(3) PROSPERI - DE SANCTIS - INCICCHITTI : NOTES
(4) G. GRELLA, T. VIRGILI: SELECTED NOTES
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