EXPERIMENTAL METHODS FOR NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

Fisica EXPERIMENTAL METHODS FOR NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS

0512600032
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS "E. R. CAIANIELLO"
EQF6
PHYSICS
2022/2023

YEAR OF COURSE 3
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2017
SPRING SEMESTER
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
432LESSONS
224LAB
ExamDate
APPELLO DI FEBBRAIO 202307/02/2023 - 10:00
Objectives
THE COURSE AIMS AT PROVIDING STUDENTS WITH OPERATIONAL KNOW-HOW ON METHODS AND TECHNIQUES OF NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
THE COURSE PROVIDES OPERATIONAL KNOWLEDGE OF THE METHODS REQUIRED IN NUCLEAR AND ELEMENTARY PARTICLE PHYSICS, INCLUDING INSTRUMENTATION, PROCEDURES AND DATA HANDLING.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
STUDENTS GET HANDS-ON LEARNING SESSIONS ON INSTRUMENTATION AND SPECIFIC CASE STUDIES IN NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS. THEY DEVELOP KNOWLEDGE OF TECHNIQUES, AS WELL AS THE ABILITY TO OPTIMISE AND DESIGN LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS.
Prerequisites
BASICS OF QUANTUM MECHANICS
SPECIAL RELATIVITY
CLASSICAL ELECTROMAGNETISM
CLASSICAL MECHANICS
Contents
1 MOTION OF A PARTICLE IN MEDIUM (4 HOURS LECTURE)
1.1 MULTIPLE SCATTERING
1.2 BREMSSTRAHLUNG
1.3 ELECTROMAGNETIC SHOWERS
1.4 HADRONIC SHOWERS

2 DETECTION TECHNIQUES
2.1 NUCLEAR EMULSIONS (4 HOURS LECTURE)
2.2 PROPORTIONAL TUBES, MWPC, RPC, TPC (6 HOURS LECTURE)
2.3 PHOTOMULTIPLIERS (1 HOUR LECTURE)
2.4 SCINTILLATORS (1 HOUR LECTURE)
2.5 SEMICONDUCTOR DETECTORS (STRIP/PAD/PIXEL) (3 HOURS LECTURE)
2.6 CHERENKOV COUNTERS AND TRD (3 HOURS LECTURE)
2.7 READOUT AND SIGNAL PROCESSING ELECTRONICS (2 HOURS LECTURE)

3 STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES (5 HOURS LECTURE)

4 SPECTROMETRY (2 HOURS LECTURE)

5 CALORIMETRY (1 HOUR LECTURE)

6 LABORATORY EXPERIENCES:
6.1 DATA COLLECTION FROM NUCLEAR EMULSIONS, HANDLING AND TRACK/EVENT RECONSTRUCTION (8 HOURS LAB.)
6.2 FLUX MEASUREMENT WITH NUCLEAR EMULSIONS (6 HOURS LAB.)
6.3 DATA COLLECTION FROM PHOTOMULTIPLIERS, HANDLING AND TRACK/EVENT RECONSTRUCITON (10 HOURS LAB.)
Teaching Methods
THEORETICAL LECTURES / PRACTICAL LEARNING OF EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES FOR NUCLEAR AND SUBNUCLEAR PHYSICS. INFORMATION LEARNED DURING LECTURES TURNS INTO PRACTICAL APPLICATION IN THE LABORATORY ACTIVITY. LECTURES WILL TAKE 32 HOURS (4 CFU) WHEREAS LABORATORY TRAINING WILL TAKE 24 HOURS (2 CFU). ATTENDANCE OF 2/3 OF THE TEACHING HOURS (ROUNDED DOWN) IS MANDATORY.
Verification of learning
FULFILMENT OF LEARNING GOALS IS CERTIFIED BY PASSING AN EXAM WITH A SCORE ON A SCALE OF 30 GRADES, POSSIBLY "CUM LAUDE", AND A REQUIRED MINIMUM OF 18.

THE FINAL EXAM CONSISTS IN DISCUSSING A SHORT DISSERTATION ON ONE OF THE EXPERIMENTS OR TECHNIQUES PRACTICED IN THE LABORATORY ACTIVITY, PAYING SPECIAL ATTENTION TO ANALYTICAL AND CRITICAL APPROACHES. ONLY THE SUBJECTS EXPLAINED IN THE LECTURES AND PRACTICED IN THE LABORATORY ACTIVITY MUST BE COVERED. NO ADDITIONAL RESEARCH IS REQUIRED. THE DISSERTATION MUST BE PROVIDED TO THE TEACHER AT LEAST ONE WEEK IN ADVANCE IN PAPER FORMAT WITH ALL OF ITS SHEETS SIGNED. THE WRITTEN DISSERTATION MAY SCORE IN THE RANGE FROM 0 THROUGH 9 DEPENDING ON COMPLETENESS, CORRECTNESS AND PROPER VOCABULARY. THE DISCUSSION IS SPLIT IN THREE QUESTIONS, EACH OF WHICH CAN SCORE IN THE RANGE FROM 0 TO 7, EVALUATING PRECISION, UNDERSTANDING AND ABILITY TO DRAW CONCLUSIONS AND MAKE LOGICAL LINKS, HENCE WITH A TOTAL SCORE MAXIMUM SCORE OF 21. THE SUM OF GRADES FOR THE DISSERTATION AND THE DISCUSSION CAN TOP 30. THE EXAM IS PASSED "CUM LAUDE" IF THE SCORE OF 30 IS OBTAINED SHOWING THAT THE CANDIDATE OPERATIONALLY MASTERS THE SUBJECTS OF THE TEACHING, I.E. IF HE/SHE HAS THE ABILITY TO MODIFY OR PROPOSE EXPERIMENTS BY THE TAUGHT METHODS.
Texts
MAIN REFERENCE BOOKS
1 W. LEO "TECHNIQUES FOR NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS EXPERIMENTS: A HOW-TO APPROACH" 2ND EDITION, SPRINGER
2 NUCLEAR EMULSIONS: NOTES BY G. ROMANO (PROVIDED BY THE TEACHER)
3 STATISTICS: M. LORETI, TEORIA DEGLI ERRORI E FONDAMENTI DI STATISTICA (PROVIDED BY THE TEACHER)

ADDITIONAL REFERENCE BOOKS SUGGESTED FOR FURTHER READING
4 G. KNOLL "RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT" 4TH EDITION, JOHN WILEY & SONSVERLAG
5 C. BINI, LABORATORIO DI STRUMENTAZIONE E MISURA
More Information
LANGUAGE: ITALIAN
CLASSROOM AND CLASS TIMETABLE: HTTP://CORSI.UNISA.IT/FISICA
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