APPLIED NUCLEAR PHYSICS

Fisica APPLIED NUCLEAR PHYSICS

0522600033
DIPARTIMENTO DI FISICA "E.R. CAIANIELLO"
EQF7
PHYSICS
2017/2018

YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2014
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
648LESSONS
Objectives
THE COURSE AIMS TO PROVIDE THE BASIS OF THE ANALYTICAL METHODOLOGIES BASED ON NUCLEAR TECHNIQUES IN DIFFERENT FIELDS OF APPLICATION SUCH AS THE CULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HERITAGE DIAGNOSTICS AND RADIOPROTECTION.

KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
STUDENTS WILL ACHIEVE A GOOD GENERAL UNDERSTANDING OF THE PHYSICAL LAWS AT THE BASIS OF SEVERAL APPLICATIONS IN VARIOUS FIELDS AND WILL LEARN HOW TO MASTER THE RUNNING RATIONALES, THE APPLICATION LIMITS, THE ACHIEVABLE PRECISION AND THE INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS.

APPLYING KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
THE CAPACITY TO APPLY THE KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED WILL BE FOSTERED THROUGH THE EXECUTION OF PRACTICAL EXERCISES DURING WHICH THE STUDENTS WILL PERFORM IN THE LABORATORY APPLICATIVE EXPERIMENTS AND WILL INTERPRET THE RESULTS IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE OBJECTIVES OF THE APPLICATION.
Prerequisites
A GOOD KNOWLEDGE OF CLASSICAL PHYSICS IS REQUIRED, AS WELL AS A BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND OF DATA HANDLING AND ANALYSIS METHODS.
Contents
1. GENERAL FEATURES OF ANALYTICAL METHIODOLOGIES.SENSITIVITY LIMITS, ACCURACY AND PRECISION. DESTRUCTIVITY AND INVASIVITY. DETECTION METHODS.
2. RADIOACTIVITY. PRODUCTION AND ACCELERATION OF ION BEANS. NEUTRON GENERATORS. NUCLEAR REACTIONS. ACTIVATION. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RADIONUCLIDE ANALYSIS.
3. RADIATION-MATTER INTERACTIONS. IBA TECHNIQUES. ELECTRONIC AND NUCLEAR PROCESSES. ELASTIC AND INELASTIC SCATTERING. RUTHERFORD BACKSCATTERING IN NORMAL AND INVERSE KINEMATICS. NUCLEAR REACTION ANALYSIS. PARTICLE INDUCED X AND RAY EMISSION. X-RAY FLUORESCENCE.
4. APPLICATIONS TO X-RAY FLUORESCENCE, GAMMA AND ALPHA SCPETROMETRY.
5. APPLICATIONS TO THE CULTURAL HERITAGE DIAGNOSTICS. MICRO-PIXE. DATING OF FINDS, THE 14C METHOD. RADIOMETRIC ANALYSES WITH ACCELERATOR MASS SPECTROMETRY. SAMPLE TREATMENT. CALIBRATION. TERMOLUMINESCENCE DATING.
Teaching Methods
LECTURES, PRACTICE EXERCISES AND SOME LABORATORY ACTIVITIES
Verification of learning
ORAL EXAMINATION AIMED AT VERIFYING THE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE AND ACHIEVING THE GOALS SET. THE TALK WILL BE SET UP FIRST ON THE VERIFICATION OF THEORETICAL PRINCIPLES AND THEN ON THEIR MODALITIES OF APPLICATION IN THE FIELDS DISCUSSED IN THE COURSE. IT WILL BE APPRECIATED THAT THE STUDENT HAS BECOME AWARE OF THE ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE AND OF THE RELATIVE UNCERTAINTIES OF THE VARIOUS QUANTITIES STUDIED.
Texts
HANDBOOK OF MODERN ION BEAM MATERIALS ANALYSIS, Y. WANG AND M. NASTASI EDITORS, CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS 2010

G. ARTIOLI, SCIENTIFIC METHODS AND CULTURAL HERITAGE, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS
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