Ingegneria Gestionale ECOLOGIA INDUSTRIALE


Knowledge and understanding:
Elements of the environment, sustainability, pollution, environmental impacts. Elements of environmental legislation: mandatory and voluntary tools. Elements of multi-criteria analysis containing social and economic variables. Principles and application of life cycle assessment (LCA) to industrial products and processes for environmental impacts assessment using the principal approaches. LCA reference standards.

Applying knowledge and understanding – engineering analysis
Ability to analyse and solve problems related to the interaction of the industrial system with the environment, with an approach that takes into account social and economic variables useful to define the concept of sustainable development.

Applying knowledge and understanding – engineering design
Ability to identify the problem to be solved, deeply describe it, examine the alternatives, select the "best choice" through the use of multi-criteria analysis (MCA) techniques. Ability to analyse the results of a life cycle assessment of an industrial system by means of MCA methods.

Making judgments - engineering practice
Ability to develop an evaluation of the life cycle of an industrial system also using specific software as well as respecting the reference standards.

Ability to Investigate
Ability to raise the necessary data for the LCA.

Autonomy of judgment - engineering practice
Ability of using the LCA software tool SimaPro. Ability to make judgments on the outcome of impact assessments that include consideration about social, economic and environmental effects.

Communication skills – transversal skills:
Being able to work in team as well as to present a topic related to the industrial ecology.

Learning skills – transversal skills:
Being able to apply the acquired knowledge in situations different from those presented during the course. Ability to deepen the topics covered using materials different from those proposed.
No prerequisite
The students will acquire the skills needed to study the impacts of industrial activities on ecosystems, on the availability of natural resources as well as the capacity of the environment to absorb waste. The adopted approach is multidisciplinary and it is related to engineering, environmental and social sciences.

Presentation of the course (2 h theory)
Definition of the environment, sustainability, pollution, environmental impact, etc. (3 h theory)
Elements of ecology (2 h theory)
Introduction to solid waste management and treatment (3 h theory)
Separate collection systems (2 h theory)
Selection and composting plants (3 h theory)
Solid waste disposal (thermal treatments and landfilling) (2 h theory)
Elements of multi-criteria analysis (2 h theory, 3 h exercise)
Procedures of plants siting (2 h theory)
Introduction to the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) (3 h theory)
Goal and scope definition (5 h theory)
Inventory analysis (5 h theory, 5 h exercise)
Life cycle impact assessment (5 h theory, 3 h exercise)
The LCA software tool SimaPro (2 h theory, 3 h exercise)
Examples of application of LCA to different industrial processes (3 h theory, 2 h exercise)
Teaching Methods
The course consists in front lessons (44 h) and classroom exercises (16 h) for a total amount of 60 hours which are worth 6 credits. The lectures are made with multimedia presentation given to the students before each single lesson. During the lesson, students are involved and stimulated with questions, examples and anecdotes aimed at facilitating discussion and active participation. The exercises are made using laptops; they are performed individually or in groups of two or three students.
Verification of learning
The assessment of the achievement of the fixed goals is obtained through the presentation of an essay and a subsequent oral examination.
The student have to prepare a written essay concerning the application of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to a particular industrial sector in the form of a review of 3-5 scientific articles. The choice of the topic is discussed with the professor. The student has to send the essay before the final examination and its preliminary evaluation allows to the professor to express a firs judgment of the performed work. During the oral examination, the student have make a PowerPoint presentation of 20 minutes without any interruption from the professor.
During the presentation of the student, the professor add other information to the previous judgment formulated on the basis of the written essay. Contemporarily, the professor elaborate some in-depth questions concerning the presentation.
In order to overcome the minimum level, the student should not show serious shortcomings on the basic subjects of the course. This assessment is preliminary done during the presentation and after it is verified in-depth with specific questions at the end of the presentation.
The main evaluation criteria are the followings: 1) capacity to elaborate data contained in the examined articles (indeed, the essay should not simply describe the papers); 2) capacity to answer to the in-depth specific questions; 3) presentation skills.
The student obtains an excellent evaluation if he/she has presented an excellent review, well organized, with a perfect formal control of the bibliographic references in the body text as well as with a significant elaboration of data contained in the considered articles. The student has also to present the essay in a very clear way, showing perfect mastery of the basics. Finally, he/she has to answer correctly to all in depth questions.
Henrikke Baumann, Anne-Marie Tillman, The hitch hiker’s guide to LCA, Studentlitteratur Ab, USA, 2004.
Giovanni De Feo, Sabino De Gisi, Maurizio Galasso, Ingegneria sanitaria ambientale. Rifiuti solidi. Dario Flaccovio Editore, Palermo, 2012.
Giovanni De Feo, Dispense di ecologia industriale, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Industriale, Università degli Studi di Salerno.

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