C.I. MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE

Dentistry C.I. MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE

1060200014
DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA, CHIRURGIA E ODONTOIATRIA "SCUOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA"
EQF7
DENTISTRY
2016/2017

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2015
PRIMO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. MICROBIOLOGIA E MICROBIOLOGIACLINICA
444LESSONS
2C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. IGIENE GENERALE ED APPLICATA
444LESSONS
3C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. ODONTOSTOMATOLOGIA
222LESSONS
Objectives
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING
KNOWING THE BASIC RULES AND APPLICATIONS OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE TO PRESERVE AND PROMOTE THE HEALTH, ACQUIRING THE NECESSARY TOOLS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS FOR HUMAN HEALTH AND FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR THEIR CONTROL AND THEIR PREVENTION.
THE STUDENT, AT THE END OF THE MICROBIOLOGY COURSE, MUST HAVE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE REGARDING THE COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGICAL CYCLE OF BACTERIA, VIRUSES AND MYCETES. THE STUDENT WILL KNOW THE BASES OF THE DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES USED IN MICROBIOLOGY AND THE MECHANISMS BY WHICH THE MICROORGANISMS CAN CAUSE THE DISEASES. FURTHERMORE, THE STUDENT WILL UNDERSTAND THE INTERACTIONS BETWEEN MICROORGANISMS AND HOST, WITH PARTICULAR ATTENTION TO THE BASES OF THE BACTERIAL, VIRAL AND MYCETES PATHOGENESIS, AND TO THE IMMUNE RESPONSE OF THE HOST. THE STUDENT WILL HAVE ALSO LEARNED THE STRUCTURAL AND BIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE HUMAN PATHOGENS LISTED IN THE COURSE PROGRAM.

MAKING JUDGEMENTS
STUDENTS WILL ACQUIRE THE ABILITY TO MAKE AUTONOMOUS JUDGMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT ISSUES, ALSO THROUGH THE ATTENDANCE AT PROBLEM BASED LEARNING ACTIVITIES. TO THIS AIM, BUSINESS TESTIMONIES AND CASE STUDIES ARE IMPORTANT TOOLS TO DEVELOP CRITICAL ANALYSIS SKILLS AFFECTING THE HEALTHCARE CONTEXT.

COMMUNICATION SKILLS
THE COURSE AIMS AT IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE ABILITY, DEVELOPING PUBLIC SPEAKING SKILLS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON REINFORCING INDIVIDUAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS. MOREOVER THE STUDENTS WILL BE ENCOURAGED, WORKING INDIVIDUALLY OR IN GROUPS, TO EXPLOIT THE POTENTIAL WHICH SEVERAL COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES OFFER.

LEARNING SKILLS
BY MEANS OF THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND ACQUIRED DURING THE COURSE, STUDENTS WILL BE IN A POSITION TO CRITICALLY ANALYSE BUSINESS MANAGEMENT PROCESS PHENOMENON.
Prerequisites
BASICS OF CHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY,
BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF BIOLOGY, CHEMISTRY AND STATISTICS. KNOWLEDGE OF CELL BIOLOGY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY RELATED TO: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF CELL COMPONENTS, STRUCTURE AND SYNTHESIS OF PROTEINS AND NUCLEIC ACIDS, AND MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BASES OF THE INNATE AND ACQUIRED IMMUNE RESPONSE.
Contents
HYGIEN:
ENERAL CONCEPTS: DEFINITION OF HEALTH, THE DETERMINANTS OF HEALTH. THE EPIDEMIOLOGY OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES. THE ROUTES OF TRANSMISSION OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE . THE PREVENTION (I, II, III), PROPHYLAXIS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES, THE ACTIVE AND PASSIVE IMMUNE PROPHYLAXIS (VACCINATION AND CALENDAR, SERA NONSPECIFIC AND SPECIFIC). DISINFECTION, DISINFESTATION. FOOD HYGIENE, NUTRITION, DIETARY PRINCIPLES. FOOD PRESERVATION. MILK. WATER.
MICROBIOLOGY
PROKARYOTES.
GENERAL BACTERIOLOGY: PRINCIPLES OF BACTERIAL TAXONOMY. COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE OF THE BACTERIAL CELL. BACTERIAL METABOLISM, ENERGY PRODUCTION AND BIOSYNTHETIC PROCESSES. BACTERIAL REPRODUCTION. SPORE PRODUCTION. BACTERIAL CULTURE. GENETIC RECOMBINATION PROCESSES. BACTERIAL PATHOGENESIS, VIRULENCE AND TOXIGENICITY. BACTERIAL TOXINS. HOST DEFENSES: ANTIGENS AND ANTIBODIES. SEROLOGICAL REACTIONS. CHEMOTHERAPICS AND ANTIBIOTICS. DRUG RESISTANCE.
SPECIAL BACTERIOLOGY: STAPHYLOCOCCUS, STREPTOCOCCUS, PNEUMOCOCCUS, NEISSERIA, CORYNEBACTERIUM, ENTEROBACTERIACEAE. VIBRIO, BACILLUS, CLOSTRIDIUM, MYCOBACTERIUM, BORRELIA, LEPTOSPIRA, MYCOPLASMA, RICKETTSIA, CHLAMYDIA, ACTINOMIYCES, ANAEROBES.
GENERAL VIROLOGY: CHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE OF VIRUSES. VIRUS CLASSIFICATION. VIRAL REPLICATION STRATEGIES. VIRUS GROWTH AND TITRATION. VIRUS PATHOGENESIS AND VIRUS-DERIVED DISEASES. HOST ANTI-VIRAL DEFENSES. INTERFERONS AND ANTI-VIRAL DRUGS.
SPECIAL VIROLOGY: HERPESVIRIDAE, ADENOVIRIDAE, PARVOVIRIDAE, PAPILLOMAVIRIDAE, POLYOMAVIRIDAE. ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. PARAMYXOVIRIDAE. PICORNAVIRIDAE. HEPATITIS VIRUSES, RETROVIRUS, PRIONS.
GENERAL MYCOLOGY: GENERAL FEATURES OF HUMAN PATHOGENIC MYCETES, THEIR MECHANISM OF ACTION AND ANTI-MYCETES DRUGS.
SPECIAL MICOLOGY: DERMATOPHYTES, HYSTOPLASMA. CRYPTOCOCCUS, SPOROTRICUM. CANDIDA, ASPERGILLUS.
PRINCIPLES OF DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION. IMMUNOLOGY APPLIED TO MICROBIOLOGY. VACCINES.
MICROBIAL ECOLOGY OF THE ORAL CAVITY.
ODONTOSTOMATOLOGY
DENTAL BIOFILM DINAMICS RELATED TO CARIES, PERIODONTAL DISEASE, PERIMPLANTITIS.
ORAL CAVITY BACTERIA INTERACTIONS.
MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSPECTED ORAL PATHOGENS AND HUMAN ORAL DISEASES ASSOCIATED
GRAM POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE COCCI. STAPHYILOCOCCUS AND STREPTOCOCCUS (ORAL STREPTOCOCCI), NEISSERIA, VEILLONELLA,
GRAM-POSITIVE BACILLI. CORYNEBACTERIUM, ACTINOMYCES, NOCARDIA, LACTOBACILLUS
GRAM-NEGATIVE BACILLI: ENTEROBACTERIACEAE, VIBRIO, CAMPYLOBACTER, HAEMOPHILUS, ACTINOBACILLUS AND ORAL ANAEROBES, TREPONEMA
MYCETES: CANDIDA SPP
PATHOGENETIC MECHANISMS OF SUSPECTED ORAL PATHOGENS
Teaching Methods
LECTURES, EXERCISES IN CLASSROOM
Verification of learning
FINAL EXAM IN WRITTEN AND/OR ORAL ASSIGNMENT, AFFECTING THE CONTENTS KNOWLEDGE, THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES ADDRESSED, THE AUTONOMY IN JUDGMENT, THE COMMUNICATION AND NEW LEARNING THE ABILITY.
Texts
BARBUTI, BELELLI, FARA. IGIENE. MONDUZZO EDITORE
LAMONT R.J.; BURNE; LANTZ; LEBLANC MICROBIOLOGIA E IMMUNOLOGIA DEL CAVO ORALE EMSI
MURRAY PATRICK R.; ROSENTHAL KEN S.; PFALLER MICHAEL A. MICROBIOLOGIA MEDICA 7/ED ELSEVIER
FURTHER REFERCENCES WILL BE SUGGESTED DURING THE COURSE
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