C.I. MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE

Dentistry C.I. MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE

1060200014
DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA, CHIRURGIA E ODONTOIATRIA "SCUOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA"
EQF7
DENTISTRY
2021/2022

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2015
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. MICROBIOLOGIA E MICROBIOLOGIACLINICA
444LESSONS
2C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. IGIENE GENERALE ED APPLICATA
444LESSONS
3C.I.MICROBIOLOGIA ED IGIENE - MOD. ODONTOSTOMATOLOGIA
222LESSONS
Objectives
KNOWING THE BASIC RULES AND APPLICATIONS OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE TO PRESERVE AND PROMOTE THE HEALTH, ACQUIRING THE NECESSARY TOOLS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS FOR HUMAN HEALTH AND FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR THEIR CONTROL AND THEIR PREVENTION. MAKING JUDGEMENTS
STUDENTS WILL ACQUIRE KNOWLEDGE OF COMPOSITION, STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGICAL CYCLE OF BACTERIA, VIRUSES AND MYCETES, AND DIAGNOSTIC PRINCIPLES.HE WILL UNDERSTAND THE INTERACTION BETWEEN HOST AND PARASITE AND OF PATHOGENESIS OF ORAL DISEASES. STUDENTS WILL ACQUIRE THE ABILITY TO MAKE AUTONOMOUS JUDGMENTS REGARDING MANAGEMENT ISSUES, ALSO THROUGH THE ATTENDANCE AT PROBLEM BASED LEARNING ACTIVITIES. TO THIS AIM, BUSINESS TESTIMONIES AND CASE STUDIES ARE IMPORTANT TOOLS TO DEVELOP CRITICAL ANALYSIS SKILLS AFFECTING THE HEALTHCARE CONTEXT.
COMMUNICATION SKILLS
THE COURSE AIMS AT IMPROVING THE STUDENTS’ COMMUNICATIVE ABILITY, DEVELOPING PUBLIC SPEAKING SKILLS WITH AN EMPHASIS ON REINFORCING INDIVIDUAL COMMUNICATION SKILLS. MOREOVER THE STUDENTS WILL BE ENCOURAGED, WORKING INDIVIDUALLY OR IN GROUPS, TO EXPLOIT THE POTENTIAL WHICH SEVERAL COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES OFFER.
LEARNING SKILLS
BY MEANS OF THE THEORETICAL BACKGROUND ACQUIRED DURING THE COURSE, STUDENTS WILL BE IN A POSITION TO CRITICALLY ANALYSE MANAGEMENT PROCESS PHENOMENON.
Prerequisites
ACCORDING TO SECTION 11 OF THE PUBLISHED DIDACTIC GUIDELINES FOR THE DEGREE
COURSE IN DENTISTRY
Contents
MICROBIOLOGY
FIRST PART: BACTERIAL CELL; DIMENSIONS; FORM; STRUCTURE OF THE BACTERIAL CELL (NUCLEOID, CYTOPLASM, PLASMA MEMBRANE, MESOSOMES, CELL WALL, MUCOUS LAYER, CAPSULE, GLYCOCALYX, FLAGELLA AND EYELASHES, PILI AND FIMBRIAE). CELL DIVISION (BINARY FISSION AND GENERATION TIME). MEASUREMENT OF BACTERIAL GROWTH (DIRECT AND INDIRECT METHODS). BACTERIAL GROWTH CURVE. SURVIVAL STRATEGY OF MICROORGANISMS (SPORE BIOFILM, VBNC). GENETICS OF MICROORGANISMS; MUTATIONS; RECOMBINATION; MECHANISMS OF GENE TRANSFER IN BACTERIA (TRANSFORMATION, CONJUGATION); PLASMIDS; TRANSPOSABLE ELEMENTS; BACTERIOPHAGES (TRANSDUCTION AND PHAGE CONVERSION). STAPHYLOCOCCI; STREPTOCOCCI; PNEUMOCOCCI; CHARCOAL BACILLUS AND BACILLUS CEREUS; ENTEROBACTERIACEAE; TB, PERTUSSIS, PHARYNGITIS; UTI; CNS INFECTION: MENINGITIS; ANTIBIOTICS.
SECOND PART: STRUCTURE, CLASSIFICATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUSES. CULTIVATION OF VIRUSES. VIRAL TITRATION. VIRAL PATHOGENESIS. HPV AND ORTHOMYXOVIRUS, PARAMYXOVIRUS; FLU, PNEUMONIA, ENTERITIS, HIV; VIROLOGICAL DIAGNOSTIC TEST, POXVIRUS AND PARVOVIRUS; HERPESVIRUS AND ADENOVIRUS.
THIRD PART: GENERAL NOTIONS OF PARASITOLOGY, PATHOGENESIS AND DIAGNOSIS. PARASITES OF MEDICAL INTEREST: RECOMBINANT, ATTENUATED, KILLED VACCINES.

HYGIENE
THE NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE.
THE VIABLE SYSTEM APPROACH AS CONTRIBUTION TO THE INTERPRETATION OF THE NATIONAL HEALTH SYSTEM.
THE HEALTHCARE NETWORKS AND THE CO-CREATION OF VALUE.

ODONTOSTOMATOLOGY
-NORMAL ORAL FLORA AND THE ORAL ECOSYSTEM. ORAL CAVITY BACTERIA INTERACTIONS. DENTAL BIOFILM DINAMICS RELATED TO CARIES, PERIODONTAL DISEASE, PERIMPLANTITIS. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF SUSPECTED ORAL PATHOGENS AND HUMAN ORAL DISEASES ASSOCIATED. PATHOGENETIC MECHANISMS OF SUSPECTED ORAL PATHOGENS.
-PATHOLOGIES FO THE DENTAL PULP, ENDODONTIC PERIAPICAL PERIODONTITIS, MAXILLOMANDIBULAR ABSCESSES AND FLEMMONES, MAXILLOMANDIBULAR, MAXILLOMANDIBULAR OSTEOMYELITIS.
-COMMON VIRAL BACTERIAL AND FUNGAL INFECTIONS OF THE ORAL MUCOSA.
-LATERO CERVICAL ADENOPATHY
-ROLE OF ORAL MICROBIOTA IN ORAL SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA DEVELOPMENT.
-CLINICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF FREQUENT ORAL INFECTIONS.
-FOCAL SEPSIS, BACTERIAL ENDOCARDITIS, ANTIBIOTIC PROPHYLAXIS, RESISTANCE AND THERAPY IN STOMATOLOGY. PERIODONTAL MEDICINE.
-LEVEL OF EVIDENCE AND RECCOMENDATIONS GRADING OF THE STUDIES. CHEMICAL PHYSICAL AND BIOLOGICAL HAZARDS IN DENTAL OFFICE. CROSS-INFECTIONS. PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT. DISINFECTION AND STERILIZATION: MATERIALS AND PROCEDURES.


Teaching Methods
FORMAL LECTURES AND INFORMAL COLLOQUIA WITH THE STUDENTS, EXERCISES IN CLASSROOM.
Verification of learning
FINAL EXAM IN WRITTEN AND/OR ORAL ASSIGNMENT, AFFECTING THE CONTENTS KNOWLEDGE, THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE ISSUES ADDRESSED, THE AUTONOMY IN JUDGMENT, THE COMMUNICATION AND NEW LEARNING THE ABILITY. THE EXAM GRADE IS EXPRESSED IN THIRTIETHS. COLLEGIAL EVALUATION OF THE MEMBERS OF THE EXAM COMMISSION.
Texts
MICROBIOLOGY
• LA PLACA M. PRINCIPLES OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 14TH EDITION (ITALIAN). EDISES, NAPLES, 2014
• MURRAY PR, ROSENTHAL KS, PFALLER MA. MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY, 7TH EDITION. EDRA MASSON, MILAN, 2013

HYGIENE
• BARBUTI, BELELLI, FARA. IGIENE. MONDUZZO EDITORE

ODONTOSTOMATOLOGY
• LAMONT R.J., BURNE R.A., LANTZ MV. MICROBIOLOGIA E IMMUNOLOGIA DEL CAVO ORALE. EMSI (2010).
• FERNANDO GOMBOS, ROSARIO SERPICO. CLINICA ODONTOIATRICA E STOMATOLOGICA.
• TESTO-ATLANTE A COLORI DI PATOLOGIA E MEDICINA ORALE PER MEDICI ED ODONTOIATRI. PICCIN-NUOVA LIBRARIA (2006).
FURTHER TEXT AND/OR SCIENTIFIC PAPERS FROM THE CURRENT LITERATURE WILL BE SUGGESTED DURING THE LECTURES

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