# Scienze della Formazione Primaria | Complementary Mathematical

## Scienze della Formazione Primaria Complementary Mathematical

 4461000017 DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE UMANE, FILOSOFICHE E DELLA FORMAZIONE EQF7 PRIMARY TEACHER EDUCATION 2021/2022

 OBBLIGATORIO YEAR OF COURSE 3 YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016 AUTUMN SEMESTER
SSD CFU HOURS ACTIVITY TYPE OF ACTIVITY MAT/04 8 48 LESSONS COMPULSORY SUBJECTS, CHARACTERISTIC OF THE CLASS
 FRANCESCO SAVERIO TORTORIELLO T
Objectives
IMPROVE THE MATHEMATICAL / GEOMETRIC PREPARATION OF STUDENTS THROUGH THE STUDY OF BASIC QUESTIONS ON WHICH MATHEMATICS IS BUILT IN VIEW OF ITS TEACHING IN PRIMARY SCHOOL.
KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
- BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF A PREDOMINANTLY GEOMETRIC NATURE;
- KNOWLEDGE OF THE MAIN RESEARCH IN MATHEMATICS EDUCATION IN THIS FIELD.
ABILITY TO APPLY KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING:
- DEVELOP SKILLS IN STUDENTS TO TACKLE SIGNIFICANT PROBLEMS IN THE TEACHING OF GEOMETRY AND TO FREE THEMSELVES FROM THE NUMEROUS MISCONCEPTIONS THAT POLLUTE THEIR EDUCATION
Prerequisites
YOU NEED ONLY BE AWARE OF BASIC CONCEPTS OF ALGEBRA, GEOMETRY AND ANALYSIS.
Contents
NUMBERS
NATURAL NUMBERS AND THEIR REPRESENTATION IN BASE TEN. ADDITION AND SUBTRACTION BETWEEN NATURAL NUMBERS. OPERATIONS WITH NATURAL NUMBERS. OWNERSHIP OF OPERATIONS. POWERS AND PROPERTIES. THE PRIME NUMBERS. EUCLID'S THEOREM ON PRIME NUMBERS; FERMAT'S CONJECTURE; PERFECT NUMBERS; THE FRIENDLY NUMBERS. MULTIPLICATION AND DIVISION BETWEEN NATURAL NUMBERS. EUCLIDEAN DIVISION ALGORITHM; MCD AND MCM; DECIMAL NUMBERS AND FRACTIONS. EQUIVALENT FRACTIONS. POSITIONAL WRITING OF NATURAL AND DECIMAL NUMBERS. OPERATIONS BETWEEN DECIMAL NUMBERS. OWNERSHIP OF OPERATIONS. MEANING OF BRACKETS IN SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS. PROPERTIES OF NATURAL NUMBERS: PREVIOUS NEXT, ODD EVEN, DOUBLE, HALF ...). OPERATIONS WITH WHOLE NUMBERS. PRIME NUMBERS. MULTIPLES AND DIVIDERS.
SPACE AND FIGURES
INTRODUCTION TO EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY. EUCLID'S ELEMENTS. DIVISION OF BOOKS. EUCLID AND THE ELEMENTS. THE POSTULATES, THE AXIOMS, ANGLES OPPOSITE THE VERTEX; CONGRUENCE CRITERIA, THE PONS ASINORUM THEOREM, INVERSE OF THE PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM. PROPERTIES OF THE ISOSCELES TRIANGLE. NOTABLE POINTS OF TRIANGLES; CENTER, CENTER OF GRAVITY, CIRCLE CENTER; EULER'S THEOREM; THE CIRCUMFERENCE, LENGTH OF AN ARC OF CIRCUMFERENCE; CIRCULAR SECTOR AREA; ROPE THEOREM; TANGENT THEOREM; SECANT AND TANGENT THEOREM; SECANT THEOREM; CORNERS AT THE CENTER AND CORNERS AT THE CIRCUMFERENCE. EQUIVALENCE BETWEEN FIGURES. COMPOSITION AND DECOMPOSITION OF FIGURES. ELEMENTS OF SIMPLE FIGURES OF SPACE (VERTICES, EDGES, ...). UNIT OF MEASURES OF LENGTHS, AREAS AND VOLUMES. PERIMETER OF POLYGONS. POLYGON AREAS. SUM OF THE ANGLES OF A TRIANGLE AND POLYGONS. PYTHAGOREAN THEOREM. TRANSLATIONS, ROTATIONS AND SYMMETRIES. SCALE REPRODUCTIONS: EXTENSIONS AND REDUCTIONS. LENGTH OF THE CIRCUMFERENCE AND AREA OF THE CIRCLE. EUCLID'S THEOREMS. THALES' THEOREM, THE SIMILARITY CRITERIA. SOLVING GEOMETRIC PROBLEMS WITH FIRST AND SECOND DEGREE EQUATIONS
ARTIFACTS
USE OF GEOGEBRA PRIM FOR THE STUDY OF GEOMETRY. USE OF NEPERO STICKS FOR MULTIPLICATION
RELATIONSHIPS AND FUNCTIONS
INTRODUCTION TO ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY. DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO POINTS, MIDPOINT OF A SEGMENT, CENTER OF GRAVITY OF A TRIANGLE; AREAS AND PERIMETERS. THE STRAIGHT LINE IN THE CARTESIAN PLANE; STRAIGHT FOR TWO POINTS AND STRAIGHT FOR A KNOWN POINT THE ANGULAR COEFFICIENT; PARALLEL LINES AND PERPENDICULAR LINES. INTERSECTION OF STRAIGHT LINES. LINEAR SYSTEMS: SUBSTITUTION METHOD. THE CIRCUMFERENCE IN THE CARTESIAN PLANE; CIRCUMFERENCE FOR THREE POINTS; STRAIGHT LINES AND CIRCUMFERENCES.
NOTIONS OF MATHEMATICAL LOGIC: SETS AND QUANTIFIERS, REPRESENTATIONS OF A SET, SUBSETS, INTERSECTIONS OF SETS, UNION;
MEASUREMENT, DATA AND FORECASTS
ELEMENTS OF COMBINATORIAL CALCULATION: SIMPLE DISPOSITIONS SIMPLE PERMUTATIONS AND WITH REPETITION; THE TARTAGLIA TRIANGLE. EXAMPLES OF DIDACTIC ACTIVITIES FOR PRIMARY SCHOOL WITH COMBINATORICS
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE AIMS TO PROVIDE SOME BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF MATHEMATICS, FRAMING THEM IN THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT OF ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT. IN PARTICULAR, IT IS INTENDED TO PROVIDE A KNOWLEDGE OF THE FOUNDATIONAL ASPECTS OF MATHEMATICS BY FOCUSING ATTENTION ALSO ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MATHEMATICS, HISTORY AND DIDACTICS OF MATHEMATICS. THE COURSE IS ORGANIZED IN FRONTAL LESSONS HELD BY THE TEACHER (2 CFU- NUMBERS; 2 CFU SPACE AND FIGURES, 2 CFU REPORTS AND FUNCTIONS, 1 CFU MEASUREMENT, DATA AND PRECISIONS), AND LABORATORY (1 CFU - ARTIFACTS).
Verification of learning
THE ASSESSMENT AND FINAL EVALUATION WILL CONSIST OF: A WRITTEN EXAM TO AN ORAL INTERVIEW.
Texts
PAOLA MAGRONE, ANA MILLA'N GASCA
I BAMBINI E IL PENSIERO SCIENTIFICO
CAROCCI EDITORE, 2018

ANNA MAZZITELLI, ANA MILLA'N GASCA
L'ABC DELLA MATEMATICA
CAROCCI FABER, 2021

R.NATALINI, A. BACCAGLINII FRANK, P, DI MARTINO, G. ROSOLINI
DIDATTICA DELLA MATEMATICA