PLANT SECONDARY METABOLITES FOR AGRICULTURE AND HUMAN HEALTH

Gestione e Valorizzazione delle Risorse Agrarie e delle Aree Protette PLANT SECONDARY METABOLITES FOR AGRICULTURE AND HUMAN HEALTH

0712200009
DIPARTIMENTO DI FARMACIA
EQF6
GESTIONE E VALORIZZAZIONE DELLE RISORSE AGRARIE E DELLE AREE PROTETTE
2020/2021

YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016
SECONDO SEMESTRE
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
642LESSONS
Objectives
TO OBTAIN KNOWLEDGE ON:
-SECONDARY METABOLISM, GENERAL ASPECTS AND METABOLIC PATHWAYS IN PLANTS
- INFLUENCE OF ABIOTIC AND BIOTIC FACTORS ON THE SECONDARY METABOLITES PRODUCTION.
TO BE ABLE TO:
IDENTIFY THE MAIN SECONDARY PLANT METABOLITES USEFUL FOR PLANT PROTECTION AND HUMAN HEALTH.
Prerequisites
IN ORDER TO UNDERSTAND AND KNOW HOW TO APPLY THE
TOPICS INCLUDED IN THE PROGRAM, THE STUDENTS MUST HAVE PASSED THE CHEMISTRY EXAM.
Contents
1CFU
PRIMARY AND SECONDARY METABOLISM. CONNECTIONS BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY METABOLISM. CLASSIFICATION OF SECONDARY METABOLITES AND THEIR PHYSIOLOGICAL ROLE. DEFINITION AND EXAMPLES OF ALLELOPATHY. SYNTHESIS AND ACCUMULATION SITES OF SECONDARY METABOLITES: PLANT DRUGS, GLANDULAR TRICOMES, SECRETORY AND RESINIFEROUS CHANNELS, OLEIFEROUS CELLS AND SECRETION CELLS, LACTIC ACID CHANNELS. FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE PRODUCTION OF SECONDARY METABOLITES.
1 CFU
MECHANISMS OF CONSTITUTIVE AND INDUCED PLANT DEFENSE: STRUCTURAL DEFENSES AND CHEMICAL, DIRECT AND INDIRECT DEFENSES (SYNONYMS).
SECONDARY METABOLITES INVOLVED IN ABIOTIC (TEMPERATURE, LIGHT, WATER AVAILABILITY, ETC.) AND BIOTIC (HERBIVOROUS, FUNGI, BACTERIAL AND VIRAL ATTACKS) STRESS MECHANISMS. ACTIVATION OF THE PLANT DEFENSE METABOLISM. AGRONOMIC APPLICATIONS.
1 CFU
TERPENES AND TERPENOIDS: CLASSIFICATION, DESCRIPTION OF BIOSYNTHESIS AND CHEMICAL-PHYSICAL PROPERTIES. HEALTHY PROPERTIES.
METABOLITES CONTAINING NITROGEN. ALCALOIDS: GENERALITY, DEFINITION OF ALKALOID, PROTOCALCALOID AND PSEUDOALKALIDE, CHEMICAL CLASSIFICATION, BIOCHEMICAL AND BOTANICAL, BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY, DIFFUSION IN PLANT KINGDOM. GLUCOSINOLATE AND CYANOGENIC GLUCOSIDES
1 CFU
PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS: CLASSIFICATION, DESCRIPTION OF BIOSYNTHESIS AND CHEMICAL-PHYSICAL PROPERTIES. HEALTHY PROPERTIES.
TECHNIQUES FOR RECOVERY OF SECONDARY METABOLITES AND APPLICATION IN THE MAIN HEALTH PRODUCTS: DEFINITION OF PHYTOCOMPLEX, EXTRACT, FUNCTIONAL FOOD, FOOD SUPPLEMENT, PLANT-BASED MEDICAMENT, PLANT-BASED MEDICAL DEVICE.
1 CFU
CLASSROOM EXERCISE: EXAMPLES OF PLANT SPECIES THAT BIOSYNTHESIZE SECONDARY METABOLITES OF AGRONOMIC AND HEALTH INTEREST.
1 CFU
EXERCISE ACTIVITIES: APPLICATION OF SECONDARY METABOLITES RECOVERY TECHNIQUES FROM THE PRODUCTIVE SPECIES.
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE PROVIDES 42 HOURS OF LECTURES, WITH THE HELP OF SLIDES; CLASSROOM AND LABORATORY EXERCISES ARE ALSO PROVIDED. FOR LABORATORY ACTIVITIES STUDENTS WILL BE DIVIDED INTO GROUPS (MAXIMUM 15 STUDENTS FOR EACH GROUP) AND WILL FOLLOW 2 GUIDED EXERCISES OF APPROXIMATELY 3 HOURS EACH.
Verification of learning
THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE IS CERTIFIED BY PASSING AND EXAM EVALUATED WITH A POINT SCALE FROM 18 TO 30. THE EXAM PROVIDES A WRITTEN TEST WITH A DURATION OF 60 MINUTES. THE WRITTEN TEST CONSISTS OF A MULTIPLE-CHOICE TEST AND AN OPEN RESPONSE ON THE SUBJECTS OF THE TEACHING PROGRAM. IT IS INTENDED TO VERIFY THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND THE TOPICS DISCUSSED AND THE ABILITY TO COMMUNICATE THEM IN WRITING FORM.
Texts
NEEDED TEXTS:
PAUL. M.DEWICK. CHIMICA, BIOSINTESI E BIOATTIVITÀ DELLE SOSTANZE NATURALI. PICCIN
F. CAPASSO, R. DE PASQUALE, G. GRANDOLINI, N. MASCOLO.FARMACOGNOSIA: FARMACI NATURALI, LORO PREPARAZIONI ED IMPIEGO TERAPEUTICO, CASA EDITRICE: SPRINGER-VERLAG
OTHER TEACHING MATERIAL:
IT WILL BE MADE AVAILABLE BY THE TEACHER DURING THE COURSE.
More Information
LECTURES IN ITALIAN LANGUAGE

LOCATION DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY
  BETA VERSION Data source ESSE3 [Ultima Sincronizzazione: 2022-05-23]