PRODUCTS FOR PLANT DEFENSE AND PROTECTION IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

Gestione e Valorizzazione delle Risorse Agrarie e delle Aree Protette PRODUCTS FOR PLANT DEFENSE AND PROTECTION IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE

0712200026
DIPARTIMENTO DI FARMACIA
EQF6
GESTIONE E VALORIZZAZIONE DELLE RISORSE AGRARIE E DELLE AREE PROTETTE
2022/2023

YEAR OF COURSE 2
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2016
SPRING SEMESTER
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
642LESSONS
Objectives
THE MAIN EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVE OF THE COURSE IS TO TRANSFER TO THE STUDENTS THE BASIC KNOWLEDGE ON CHEMISTRY, BIOCHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY OF PHYTO-DRUGS, IN ORDER TO BETTER UNDERSTAND THE MECHANISMS AND PHENOMENA IN WHICH THEY ARE.
THE MAIN KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED WILL CONCERN:
- MAIN PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS,
- ACTIVE PRINCIPLES AND MECHANISM OF ACTION,
-COADJUVANTS, CO-FORMULANTS
- RULES FOR PURCHASE, TRANSPORT, STORAGE, USE.

THE MAIN SKILLS DEVELOPED WILL BE:
- ECO-SUSTAINABLE USE OF PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS,
-CORRECT DISPOSAL OF RESIDUES AND WATER
Prerequisites
TEACHING CHEMISTRY IS PROPEDEUTICAL. THERE IS NO FORMAL PROPEDEUTICITY, BUT IT IS USEFUL FOR THE STUDENT WHO WANTS TO TAKE THE COURSE WITH PROFIT, TO HAVE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE OF BIOLOGY, BOTANY, AGRONOMICS AND VEGETABLE PATHOLOGY.
Contents
MAIN ADVERSITIES OF PLANTS AND STORED PRODUCTS.
MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF PESTICIDES, ACTIVE SUBSTANCES, INERT SUBSTANCES, ADJUVANTS, COFORMULANTS, CORROBORANTS AND FORMULATIONS (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).

DEFINITION OF SPECTRUM OF ACTION, SELECTIVITY, PHYTO-TOXICITY, PERSISTENCE OF ACTION AND COMPATIBILITY.
CLASSIFICATION OF PESTICIDES ACCORDING TO THE OLD LEGISLATION AND NEW CLASSIFICATION (CLP - CLASSIFICATION, LABELING AND PACKAGING). SAFETY DATA SHEET (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).

STORAGE OF PESTICIDES. RULES TO FOLLOW DURING AND AT THE END OF THE EXECUTION OF THE TREATMENT. REGISTER OF TREATMENTS. WASTE MANAGEMENT (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).

DEFINITION AND DETERMINATION OF THE LETHAL DOSE 50 (LD50) AND THE LETHAL CONCENTRATION 50 (LC50). PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT (PPE): CLASSIFICATION, STORAGE AND MAINTENANCE. CLASSIFICATION OF EQUIPMENT USED FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF PESTICIDES (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).

CLASSIFICATION, DESCRIPTION OF THE MECHANISMS OF ACTION, CHARACTERISTICS, FIELDS OF USE, SPECTRUM OF ACTION AND DANGER INDICATIONS OF:
INORGANIC INSECTICIDES, INSECTICIDES OF MICROBIAL AND VEGETABLE ORIGINS. TRADITIONAL NEUROTOXIC INSECTICIDES: CHLOROGANICS, PHOSPHORGANICS, CARBAMATES. ORGANIC INSECTICIDES: 1ST, 2ND AND 3RD GENERATION PYRETHROIDS, PHENOXYBENZYL ETHERS, NEONICOTINOIDS, AZOTORGANICS AND INSECT GROWTH REGULATORS.
VEGETABLE HORMONES AND PLANT REGULATORS: AUXINS: BIOSYNTHESIS, TRANSPORT, CONJUGATION, METABOLISM, MECHANISM OF ACTION, COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS, GIBBERELLINS, CYTOKININS, ETHYLENE, ABSCISSIC ACID AND BRASSINOSTEROIDS (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).

NATURAL FUNGICIDES, INORGANIC AND METALLORGANIC FUNGICIDES, NON-SYSTEMIC ORGANIC FUNGICIDES AND SYSTEMIC ORGANIC FUNGICIDES.
HERBICIDES: ORGANOPHOSPHORES, SYNTHETIC AUXINS, ARYLOXYPHENOXYPROPIONATES, IMIDAZOLINONES, TRIAZINES, TRIAZINONES, DIPYRIDYL, DIPHENYL ETHER, NICOTINANILIDES, CARBYLAMES, DYNITROIDANES AND BENZAMIDES (1 CFU, 7 HOURS).
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE INCLUDES 42 HOURS OF FRONTAL TEACHING WITH CLASSROOM EXERCISES.
Verification of learning
THE EXAM CONSISTS OF A WRITTEN TEST, TO BE COMPLETED AT THE END OF THE COURSE (30 TESTS, DURATION OF 60 MINUTES, MAX 30 POINTS, MINIMUM SCORE EXCEEDING 18/30) AND COMPOSED OF TESTS EXTRACTED FROM THOSE REQUIRED TO ISSUE THE "ENABLING CERTIFICATE TO THE PURCHASE AND USE OF PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS, AND IN AN ORAL TEST (DURATION 20 MINUTES, MAX 30 POINTS, MINIMUM SCORE EXCEEDING 18/30), AIMED AT ASKING THE PREPARATION AND THE LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING ACHIEVED. BOOKS, NOTES, HANDBOOKS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICES (TABLET, LAPTOP, SMARTPHONE, ETC.) ARE NOT ALLOWED DURING THE EXAM. THE FINAL VOTE IS EXPRESSED IN THIRTIES AND RESULTS FROM THE ARITHMETIC AVERAGE OF THE TWO TESTS.
Texts
MUCCINELLI M. - PRONTUARIO DEGLI AGROFARMACI - XIII ED. - EDAGRICOLE
LORENZINI G., & NALI C. - PRINCIPI DI FITOIATRIA - II ED. - EDAGRICOLE
BUTTURINI A., & GALASSI T. - DIFESA FITOSANITARIA IN PRODUZIONE INTEGRATA - EDAGRICOLE

COLLECTION OF ITALIAN AND EUROPEAN LEGISLATION CONCERNING THE USE, STORAGE AND DISPOSAL OF PESTICIDES IN THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR (MATERIAL PROVIDED BY THE TEACHER)
More Information
ATTENDANCE TO COURSES IS STRONGLY RECOMMENDED, ALTHOUGH NOT MANDATORY.
THE COURSE WILL BE PROVIDED IN ITALIAN, AT THE CLASSROOMS OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACY
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