NOTIONS OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

Midwifery NOTIONS OF ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY

1012400001
DIPARTIMENTO DI MEDICINA, CHIRURGIA E ODONTOIATRIA "SCUOLA MEDICA SALERNITANA"
EQF6
MIDWIFERY
2022/2023

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2013
AUTUMN SEMESTER
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
1NOZIONI DI ANATOMIA E FISIOLOGIA - MOD. ANATOMIA UMANA
336LESSONS
2NOZIONI DI ANATOMIA E FISIOLOGIA - MOD. FISIOLOGIA UMANA
224LESSONS
Objectives
GAINING BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF NORMAL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONING OF THE ORGANS AND SYSTEMS OF THE HUMAN BODY.
Prerequisites
HIGH SCHOOL LEVEL KNOWLEDGE OF MATHEMATICS, PHYSICS AND BIOLOGY.
Contents
MODULE OF ANATOMY

FUNDAMENTS OF PHYSIOLOGY OF NERVE AND MUSCLE CELLS; SENSE ORGANS AND AFFERENT PATHWAYS; REFLEXES; CONTROL OF POSTURE AND MOVEMENT; LEARNING AND MEMORY.
FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSIOLOGY OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR, RESPIRATORY, RENAL AND GASTROENTERIC APPARATUSES. HINTS ABOUT THE PHYSIOLOGY OF PRINCIPAL ENDOCRINE GLANDS: PANCREAS; PITUITARY GLAND; ADRENAL GLAND; OVARIAN CYCLE; PARATHYROID GLANDS.

MODULE OF HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY. LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION OF THE BODIES. SUBDIVISION OF THE BODY REGIONS. THE ORGANIZATION OF THE HUMAN BODY: CELLS, TISSUES, ORGANS, SYSTEMS, SYSTEMS
DEFINITION OF ORGAN. ORGAN CLASSIFICATION.
INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM: DESCRIPTION AND COMPOSITION. DIFFERENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SKIN IN DIFFERENT LOCATIONS. THE SKIN AND SKIN APPENDAGES.
NERVOUS SYSTEM: CNS AND PERIPHERAL ANATOMY; THE AUTONOMOUS NERVOUS SYSTEM. THE NEURONS; THE CELLS OF THE GLIA. THE MOTOR AND SENSITIVITY CENTERS; GENERAL INFORMATION ON OPERATION.
MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM: THE BONES OF THE HUMAN BODY; SKULL, SPINE, THORAX; HIP BONE; UPPER AND LOWER LIMBS; THE MAIN MUSCLES OF THE SKULL, TRUNK, ABDOMEN (WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE MUSCLES OF THE PELVIS), LIMBS; THE JOINTS. MICROSCOPIC STRUCTURE OF BONE, CONNECTIVE TISSUE, CARTILAGE; THE VARIOUS TYPES OF MUSCLE: STRIATED, SMOOTH, CARDIAC.
CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM: ANATOMY OF THE HEART AND MAJOR BLOOD VESSELS. ARTERIES, VEINS, CAPILLARIES. CARDIAC CELLS: EXCITABLE TISSUES AND THE WORKING MYOCARDIUM. PULSE ARTERIAL AND VENOUS. BLOOD PRESSURE: SHORT AND LONG TERM REGULATION. NOTES ON FETAL CIRCULATION AND MATERNAL CIRCULATION IN PREGNANCY.
EXCRETOR SYSTEM: THE KIDNEY: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION; THE URETERS; THE BLADDER; THE MALE AND FEMALE URETHRA. THE ENDOTHELIUM OF THE URINARY SYSTEM.
RESPIRATORY SYSTEM: ANATOMY OF THE AIRWAYS: NOSE, PHARYNX, LARYNX, TRACHEA, BRONCHI, LUNGS. STRUCTURE OF THE ALVEOLUS. RESPIRATORY MECHANICS. THE DIAPHRAGM AND RESPIRATORY MUSCLES. THE PLEURA.
GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM: GENERAL HISTOLOGICAL ORGANIZATION OF THE ALIMENTARY CANAL WALL. THE ORAL CAVITY, PHARYNX AND SWALLOWING. DESCRIPTION OF THE FUNCTIONAL ARCHITECTURE OF THE ALIMENTARY CANAL. ORGANS ATTACHED TO THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM: LIVER, GALLBLADDER AND BILIARY TRACT; THE EXOCRINE AND ENDOCRINE PANCREAS. MICROSCOPIC ANATOMY OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM. THE PORTAL VEIN AND ITS COLLATERAL CIRCLES: FUNCTIONAL CONSIDERATIONS. THE PERITONEUM.
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM: STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE MALE AND FEMALE GENITAL SYSTEM. THE PERINEUM. THE PELVIC FLOOR. RELATIONS BETWEEN STRUCTURES IN THE MALE AND FEMALE PELVIS. OUTLINES OF EMBRYOLOGY: THE MAIN STAGES OF INTRAUTERINE LIFE; DEFINITION AND BRIEF DESCRIPTION
OF THE PHENOMENA OF FERTILIZATION, SEGMENTATION, BLASTULATION, IMPLANTATION. THE BREAST
ENDOCRINE SYSTEM: HYPOTHALAMUS, PITUITARY, THYROID, ENDOCRINE PANCREAS, ADRENAL GLAND: ANATOMY AND FUNCTION
Teaching Methods
FRONTAL LESSONS
Verification of learning
ORAL EXAM.
Texts
MARTINI, NATH: FONDAMENTI DI ANATOMIA E FISIOLOGIA – EDI SES

NOTES FROM LECTURES.

FOR CONSULTATION:
BARRETT, FISIOLOGIA MEDICA DI GANONG, PICCIN, ISBN: 978-88-299-2841-5
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