STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA E DEI PARADIGMI DELLE SCIENZE UMANE

Psicologia di comunità per i contesti formativi, per il benessere e per lo sport STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA E DEI PARADIGMI DELLE SCIENZE UMANE

4422500011
DIPARTIMENTO DI SCIENZE UMANE, FILOSOFICHE E DELLA FORMAZIONE
EQF7
PSICOLOGIA DI COMUNITA' PER I CONTESTI FORMATIVI, PER IL BENESSERE E PER LO SPORT
2022/2023

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2021
SPRING SEMESTER
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
530LESSONS
Objectives
THIS TEACHING IS AIMED TO TAKE UP CONTENTS FROM THE GREAT PHILOSOPHICAL THEORIES CONCERNING MIND AND KNOWLEDGE, WHICH STILL ARE USEFUL FOR EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGISTS. THESE CONTENTS WILL CONCERN NOT ONLY THE PHILOSOPHERS' VIEWS ON MIND, KNOWLEDGE AND EDUCATION, BUT ALSO THE METHODS THROUGH WHICH THE PHILOSOPHERS ATTEMPT TO IMPROVE OUR DIALOGICAL AND REFLECTIVE SKILLS
Prerequisites
BASIC KNOWLEDGE ON PSYCHOLOGY AND HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
Contents
REASONMENT SYSTEMATIC ERRORS AND TRAINING TO CRITICAL THINKING
THE QUESTION "WHY DO WE MAKE ERRORS?" IS ONE OF THE MOST ANCIENT ONES IN PHILOSOPHY AND PSYCHOLOGY. PHILOSOPHERS TRIED TO HELP HUMAN PERSON TO FREE THEMSELVES FROM ERRORS THROUGH LIST OF SOPHISMS AND FALLACIES AND THROUGH THE TEACHING OF FORMAL LOGIC, OF METHODOLOGY, EVEN OF MEMORY TECHNIQUES. BUT THIS TOPIC HAD A DEEP RENEWAL WHEN EXPERIMENTAL COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY DISCOVERED A WIDE PROPENSION TO SOME COGNITIVE ERRORS. THE THEORIES WHO WERE ENGENDERED BY THIS DISCOVERY SEE THE PRESENCE OF PARTICULAR "BIAS" WHICH INFLUENCE OUR INFERENCE AND JUDGEMENT AND WHICH ARE THE FRUIT OF OUR FORMER EVOLUTION AS HUMANKIND (KAHNEMAN, NISBETT-ROSS, JOHNSON-LAIRD). THIS MAKES MORE DIFFICULT THE PROBLEM CONCERNING HOW WE CAN HELP PEOPLE TO ACQUIRE GOOD METHODS OF RESEARCHING AND INFERRING. IN ORDER OF FACING THIS LAST QUESTION, SOME DIFFERENT DEFINITIONS OF "CRITICAL THINKING" (ENNIS, ELDER-PAUL, FACIONE) WILL BE INTRODUCED AND SOME RECENT METHODOLOGIES OF TRAINING TO CRITICAL THINKING THROUGH DIALOGICAL PRACTICES WILL BE INTRODUCED AND, IF POSSIBLE; EXPERIENCED
Teaching Methods
LECTURES START WITH THE ANALYSIS OF PHILOSOPHICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORICAL SIDES OF THE PROPOSED TOPIC. THEREAFTER THOSE TECHNICAL SIDES ARE INTRODUCED WHICH CAN LET GROW PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES OF "MAIEUTIC LABORATORY"
Verification of learning
THE FINAL PROOF WILL CONSIST INTO AN ORAL INTERVIEW. STUDENTS WILL BE EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF THEIR ABILITY TO EXPOSE CORRECTLY THE CONTENTS OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL THEORIES THEY ENCOUNTERED IN THE PRESCRIBED TEXTS, THEIR ABILITY TO EXPRESS THEM THROUGH A PROPER LANGUAGE AND CONSISTENT ARGUMENTATIONS. THIS FINAL PROOF CAN BE MADE EASIER THROUGH INTERMEDIATE PROOFS WHICH THE TEACHER AND THE STUDENTS CAN ESTABLISH IN THE RUN OF THE YEAR.
Texts
CLASSICI SULL’ARGOMENTO:
FRANCESCA RIGOTTI, IL PENSIERO PENDOLARE (IL MULINO);
LAMBERTO MAFFEI, ELOGIO DELLA RIBELLIONE (IL MULINO).
More Information
SOME LECTURES WILL BE DEDICATED TO THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY.
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