BIODIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION

Scienze Ambientali BIODIVERSITY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PRESERVATION

0522400041
DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY AND BIOLOGY "ADOLFO ZAMBELLI"
EQF7
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
2022/2023

OBBLIGATORIO
YEAR OF COURSE 1
YEAR OF DIDACTIC SYSTEM 2022
SPRING SEMESTER
CFUHOURSACTIVITY
324LESSONS
336LAB
ExamDate
APPELLO DI FEBBRAIO20/02/2023 - 09:30
Objectives
TO PROVIDE KNOWLEDGE ON: - SOIL-PLANT INTERACTIONS AIMED AT THE POSSIBILITY OF USING PLANTS AND RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS FOR THE DECONTAMINATION OF SOIL, WATER AND AIR. - BASIC CONCEPTS ON THE BIODIVERSITY OF LIVING ORGANISMS LINKED TO EVOLUTIONARY PROCESSES, TO ENSURE THAT THE STUDENT IS ABLE TO ELABORATE AND APPLY IDEAS IN A CONTEXT OF THE RESEARCH TIGHTLY ASSOCIATED TO PHYTOREMEDIATION AND TO BIODIVERSITY OF LIVING BEINGS. TO SOLVE PROBLEMS RELATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION OF SOIL, WATER AND AIR CONSIDERING THE INTEGRATION OF MULTIFACTORIAL AND INTERDISCIPLINARY SKILLS RELATIVELY TO BIODIVERSITY AND PHYTOREMEDIATION. INTEGRATING KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED DURING THE COURSE OF APPLIED BIOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY WITH THOSE OF PREVIOUS REFERRED TO VARIOUS AREAS OF ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES IN ORDER TO BE ABLE TO MANAGE THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ISSUES INVOLVED AND GIVE ADEQUATE SOLUTIONS EVEN IN SOME CASES CONSIDERING PARTIAL AND INCOMPLETE DATA. STUDENTS MUST BE IN A POSITION, AT THE END OF THE COURSE, OF DRAWING CONCLUSIONS AND GIVING POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS TO PROBLEMS PRESENTED THEM ON THE BASIS OF THE KNOWLEDGE ACQUIRED AND DEVELOPED, POSSIBLY IN AUTONOMY, AND THEN TO COMMUNICATE TO SPECIALISTS AND NOT. TO STUDY AND DEAL WITH ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS INVOLVING PROCESSES FOR CLEANING OF SOIL, WATER AND AIR THROUGH PHYTOREMEDIATION ASSOCIATED TO BIODIVERSITY OF LIVING ORGANISMS.
Prerequisites
THE STUDENT MUST HAVE ACQUIRED THE BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF BOTANY, MICROBIOLOGY, GENETICS, MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, COMPUTER SCIENCE, ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY, ENGLISH LANGUAGE.
Contents
THE COURSE WILL FOCUS ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS: BIODIVERSITY AND EVOLUTION; HIERARCHICAL LEVELS OF BIODIVERSITY: ECOSYSTEM; SPECIES; GENES (3H). ESTIMATION OF ECOSYSTEM BIODIVERSITY: THE CONCEPT OF BIOMA (2H). DIVERSITY OF SPECIES: DEFINITION AND METHODS FOR ITS ESTIMATION (2H). SPECIES RICHNESS AND PHYLOGENETIC DIVERSITY. PHYLOGENETIC RECONSTRUCTION AMONG SPECIES (3H). ESSENTIAL CONCEPTS FOR THE STUDY OF GENETIC DIVERSITY: GENES, ALLELES, HETEROZYGOUS, HOMOZYGOUS, GENOTYPE, PHENOTYPE, POPULATION CONCEPT, ETC. (2H) POPULATION GENETICS (2H). THE ORIGIN OF GENETIC VARIABILITY: DNA MUTATIONS. THE HARDY-WEINBERG LAW (2H). GENETIC EQUILIBRIUM AND EVOLUTIVE FORCES (2H). MOLECULAR MARKERS AND GENETIC INDEXES FOR DIVERSITY ESTIMATION (2H). MASS EXTINCTIONS. HOT-SPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY (2H). BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION STRATEGIES (2H). PHYTOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGIES (2H). SOIL MICROORGANISMS (EG MYCORRHIZAL FUNGI, PLANT GROWTH PROMOTER BACTERIA, ENDOPHYTES) AND THEIR ROLE IN THE RECLAMATION OF POLLUTED ENVIRONMENTAL MATRICES (6H).
Teaching Methods
THE COURSE PROVIDES CLASSROOM LESSONS ILLUSTRATING THE ARGUMENTS OF THE COURSE, AND LABORATORY ACTIVITIES AIMED AT THE SCREENING OF PLANT GENOTYPES, SPECIES AND/OR VARIETIES TOLERANT TO DIVERSE POLLUTANTS (ORGANIC AND/OR INORGANIC); AT STUDYING THE GENETIC BIODIVERSITY OF PLANT GENOTYPES, SOIL AND RHIZOSPHERE MICROORGANISMS USEFUL FOR POLLUTANT PHYTOREMEDIATION.

ATTENDANCE OF CLASSROOM LESSONS IS NOT OBLIGATORY, THAT OF EXERCISES and field activities are STRONGLY RECOMMENDED
Verification of learning
THE ACHIEVEMENT OF THE OBJECTIVES OF THE COURSE WILL BE VERIFIED BY MEANS OF I) IN ITINERE TESTS, CONSISTING IN A POWERPOINT PRESENTATION AND CRITICAL DISCUSSION OF ORIGINAL SCIENTIFIC PAPERS FOCUSED ON THE TOPICS OF THE COURSE; II) POWERPOINT PRESENTATIONS, AT THE END OF THE COURSE, ON A PROJECT, ELABORATED BY THE STUDENT, BASED ON THE USE OF BIODIVERSITY AND PHYTOREMEDIATION FOR RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED AREAS, AND ON SCIENTIFIC PAPERS RELATED TO THE TOPICS OF THE COURSE. THE FINAL EXAM WILL AIM TO VERIFY THE ABILITY OF THE STUDENTS TO DESIGN A PHYTOREMEDIATION PROJECT, TAKING INTO ACCOUNT THE CAPACITY OF SYNTHESIS AND EXPOSITION RELATIVE TO THE ILLUSTRATED ARGUMENTS, AND THE ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE REGARDING THE TOPICS PROPOSED BY THE TEACHER DURING THE COURSE.

THE MINIMUM MARK FOR PASSING THE EXAM IS 18/30, AND IS AWARDED WHEN THE STUDENT SHOWS A LIMITED KNOWLEDGE of the TOPICS COVERED during the course;

THE MAXIMUM MARK (30/30) IS AWARDED WHEN THE STUDENT SHOWS A COMPLETE AND IN-DEPTH KNOWLEDGE of the TOPICS COVERED during the course and presents an excellent PROJECT ON BIODIVERSITY and ENVIRONMENTAL REQUALIFICATION, also by discussing selected SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES

PRAISE MAY BE ATTRIBUTED TO STUDENTS WHO REACH THE MAXIMUM VOTE OF 30/30 AND WHO PROVE THAT THEY ARE ABLE TO APPLY AUTONOMOUSLY KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS ACQUIRED EVEN IN CONTEXTS OTHER THAN THOSE PROPOSED IN THE LESSON
Texts
INTRODUZIONE ALLA BIOLOGIA VEGETALE. AUTORI: K.R. STERN, J. E. BIDLACK, S. H. JANSKY (ISBN: 9788838664984). CASA EDITRICE: MC GROW HILL - MILANO.
BIOLOGIA CELLULARE E BIOTECNOLOGIE VEGETALI. AUTORI: VARI. EDITORE: G. PASQUA. CASA EDITRICE: PICCIN. (ISBN: 978-88-299-2124-9). IA EDIZIONE, 2011.
SCIENTIFIC ENGLISH PAPERS.
More Information
- COURSE LANGUAGE: ITALIAN

THE TEACHER IS AVAILABLE FOR EXPLANATIONS AND INSIGHTS DURING THE RECEPTION HOURS, AFTER APPOINTMENT.
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